Answer the following:

1- What is enlightenment?

2-  How is the emergence of the rational individual in Enlightenment thought reflected in legal and constitutional developments of the 17th & 18th Centuries?

use only: Kant; Descartes; Hume; Grotius; Hobbes; Locke; Rousseau; Burke  “must have direct INTEXT citation” for one of those

citation has to APA style

no introduction or conclusion

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preview of the answer..

Enlightenment is man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage. Tutelage is man’s inability to make use of his understanding without direction from another. Self-incurred is this tutelage when its course lies not in lack of resolution and courage to use it without direction from another (Kant, 1784)

The motto of enlightenment is for one to have the courage to use their own understanding. Kant explains that man’s inability to make use of his understanding is as a result of cowardice and laziness which causes others to set themselves up as their guardians, even after nature has set them up and discharged them from external directions. Man suffers from tutelage …

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