Overview of the Mechanisms of Kidney Function

APA Format, 2 Pages, Answer all the questions.
Ms. Cornwall is admitted with pyelonephritis. She has chills, and her temperature is 101°F. She is complaining of flank pain, frequency, and dysuria. Her urine has white blood cell casts and shows growth of Escherichia coli (E. coli).

Based on the above scenario, answer the following questions:

  • Why does she have bacteria and white blood cell casts in her urine? Include the pathophysiological response of body for your analysis.
  • What are the differences when comparing prerenal acute renal failure, intrarenal acute renal failure, and postrenal acute renal failure? Give examples of each and pathological processes related to each disease process.
  • refs n cite




preview of the answer..

Pyelonephritis is an infection of the unrinary tract that is caused by bacteria. The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureter, the bladder and urethra. Bacteria present in the lower urogenital areas can travel through the bladder and ureter into the kidney. The micro organism spectrum of the infection includes Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus species (S. saprophyticus and S. aureus), and Proteus mirabilis. Epidemiological data of the prevalence rate of the infection show that there is approximately 250,000 annual reported cases …

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