Please provide a constructive peer reply to the following two case studies.
Please provide a constructive peer reply to the following two case studies. Each reply should be 150 words each and focus on extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts. Replies must be constructive and use literature where possible. Please provide support from at least 1 academic source, formatted and cited in current APA 7th edition style.
Case study 1
There are many traits that can contribute to a person’s health condition such as economic status, psychosocial state, and political dynamics. However, health professionals recognize an army of essential biological elements that have a meaningful impact on health. The patient is Mr. Pfiefer who is currently suffering from high cholesterol due to poor lifestyle choices. Cholesterol is vital to many health cells in the body; however, high levels are detrimental to the body and can lead to consequences. Interestingly, when LDL-cholesterol levels are too high, the condition referred to as hypercholesterolemia, the risk for premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) increases (Huff et al., 2022). Due to the dangerous risks of high cholesterol, the patient should be educated on the importance of cholesterol management by focusing on a daily regimen of exercise and a healthy diet. The patient is from German descent and may not want to adhere to other diets aside from his wife’s which is what he is accustomed to. The expansion of a wide-ranging cholesterol management agenda must consider precarious cultural facets linked to nutrition in Germany.
There are one-hundred and ninety-five countries in the world, each with a different culture and distinct cuisine. Germany is an ironic, antique country that is well-known for their savory dishes and variety of foods. For the German culture, food symbolizes celebration and is just as significant as love. Traditional cuisine varies across German regions, the different typical dishes have in common that they are hearty, fatty, rich in meat and often contain potatoes or potato product (Rueter et al., 2020). Mr. Pfiefer’s dependence on his wife’s recipes indicate that he is very much meeting the expectations of the German diet. Bread, pastries, and cakes are often eaten, with butter and lard the most used cooking fats. Typically, the diet is deficient in fruits, vegetables, and fiber. In the German culture, men are the ones who mostly consume these diets of red meats, carbohydrates, and fatty foods. The patient migrated to the United States fifty years ago and remains loyal to the German diet as he has not adapted to the American dishes.
A diet should be established for Mr. Pfiefer which should integrate healthy foods, while still being sensitive to his culture. Plant based diets are not only beneficial for dyslipidemia management and prevention of hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascular disease but further contribute to reducing the impact of food choices on environmental degradation (Trautwein, & McKay, 2020). Plant based diets are not only healthy but also meet the clinical practice guidelines. The first intervention for this patient is to help him understand that there is a need to modify his diet to a healthier one. The health care provider should get him in touch with a nutritionist who can assist in making modifications to his wife’s recipes. Such an example would be to swap the carbs such as white breads to wheat or multi grain breads. Another alternative to offer him is to swap out red meat for fish, which will help in decreasing cholesterol. These small alterations in Mr. Pfiefer’s diet could really make a positive impact on his health.
In the German culture, hypercholesterolemia is very common due to the poor eating habits of the community. Mr. Pfiefer’s case presents the nursing health care professional with a psychosocial and cultural job of deciding the greatest method to get him on a diet that will aim to lower his cholesterol. Since his wife’s recipes are so significant to him, a culturally suitable tactic can help him transition into a new diet while preserving faithfulness to his wife’s traditional recipe diary and to the German culture.
Case study 2
Germans believe that traditional foods and beverages are the most favored approach to honor a rich cultural history. Germans have a deep desire for bread, potatoes, and meat, especially pork, even though their food culture is diverse. Additionally, they utilize greens like kale and cabbage to minimize the calorie content, which they believe is necessary for better health, and to develop a culture of healthy living habits. However, in present German society, many think that appropriate nutrition should be determined not just by the amount of nutritional value it offers but also by the experience it provides to the consumers. Food is used to symbolize or commemorate extraordinary events (Wiesemann, 2017). There are dishes that are suggested for every occasion to provide visitors or guests with a suitable experience. Breakfast commonly consists of bread, toast, or bread rolls with butter, cold cuts, cheeses, jams, honey and eggs. Common drinks are coffee, tea, milk, cocoa or fruit juices. While certain regions, particularly those in the north, place an emphasis on colored meals, others replace them with healthier options, such as potatoes in place of spaghetti. Older people, especially grandmothers, and most chefs agree that meatballs in a creamy white sauce with capers are the best cuisine to serve for special occasions or for everyday enjoyment.
According to the broad view among German healthcare specialists, adhering to correct nutrition is the most effective and all-encompassing strategy for leading a healthy lifestyle and lowering cholesterol levels. It would be crucial to adopt a strategy that encourages weight loss by consuming and keeping foods that are lower in calories as it takes time between lunch and dinner, often on Sundays with the entire family. Therefore, by working with a family nutritionist, Mr. Pfiefer ought to be able to cultivate the proper nutritional attitudes. He ought to be included in a program where he receives nutritional guidance and instruction, together with expert insight, so that he can adopt an exercise-based strategy (Heinzelmann, 2018). To help the client manage routine exercises, I would point out some facilities or community services. The nutritionists must develop a scheduled program to motivate the customer to consistently train in addition to following the advised diet while performing the exercise regimen. By avoiding specific German foods high in cholesterol, Mr. Pfiefer can lower his cholesterol level. These foods could include cheese and fatty meats, and consume more of the vegetables that are typically included in diets, such as turnips, beets, and cabbage. Mr. Pfiefer may also decrease saturated fats, eliminate trans fats, eat more foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, and boost soluble fiber in addition to lowering his intake of foods high in cholesterol.
Requirements: 300 words
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