Policy-making in the Federal System

The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl
> of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about
> government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of
> state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand,
> policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the
> great diversity of interests across the U.S. to be effective at the local
> level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by
> theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism, e.g.,
> what limits on national power can be derived from the Tenth Amendment?
> A policy area in the middle of these cross-currents is elementary and
> secondary education – a subject traditionally under local control, with
> some oversight by the states. However, during the last four decades –
> especially since 2001 – the national government’s role in education has
> grown significantly as a result of initiatives by Republican and Democratic
> administrations. Use the assigned resources to inform yourself about this
> role and the arguments of its supporters and critics.
> Before writing your initial post, review the assigned resources
> <http://vizedhtmlcontent.next.ecollege.com/pub/content/51bb9041-cf23-4ada-9317-c3ec1d25c1ec/POL201.W2.D1.Resources.pdf>
> . To easily access the resources from the Ashford University Library,
> please see the table located in the Course Materials section.
> In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, briefly summarize the
> national government’s education policies. Explain the main pros and cons in
> the debate about these policies. Evaluate them from two perspectives:
>    – The policies’ effectiveness in improving the quality of U.S.
>    elementary and secondary education. (Justify your assessment by clearly
>    explaining your definition of “effectiveness” and how it should be
> measured
>    or determined.)
>    – Their consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism.
>    (Justify your assessment by clearly explaining your interpretation of
>    American federalism’s constitutional framework and why federal education
>    policies are or are not consistent with it.)




preview of the answer..

Introduction: Education is one of the primary responsibilities of both State and local government in the United States. There are various policies that have been enacted to improve the quality of education in US. Some of the effectiveness includes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The act was established to reduce educational inequalities that are found across the country.  Its objective was to improve opportunities for the poor people and disadvantaged children. However, the act of No Child Left Behind has compelled the educators to teach the students tests while setting off a spate of several cheating scandals. There are still the huge gaps between the performance of the minority and poor children and those that are more affluent or white children. There is also no uniformity in the performance based on the states. …

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