: Pretend you do not have to directly quote but instead paraphrase the text. How would you do that?

Quotation and Paraphrasing

Step 1: Consider the passage below:

Education must also train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking. To think incisively and to think for one’s self is very difficult. We are prone to let our mental life become invaded by legions of half truths, prejudices, and propaganda.

This are direct lines from King’s letter in the Maroon Tiger that we read last week.

Step 2: Review this Incorporating Quotes Handout. –  attached

Step 3: Review the following video on integrating quotes.


Step 4: Write a signal phrase to introduce your citation. Be sure to include the following information:

  • Author’s last name, followed by a phrase to identify the writer’s credentials, and short sentence about the main claim of the article overall,
  • Then add another sentence that begins with: He says/claims/argues or any other verb to signal the quote (there is a list of them on page 2 of you handout)

Signal phrase:

Step 5: Parenthetical Citation. This is the page (or paragraph) number on which the information appears, listed between parentheses after the citation. This passage was found on page 2 of the article. Also include the writer’s last name if it is NOT included in the signal phrase above (which is probably is). Remember—only last name page number. NO commas, or any other marks: ( ).

Step 6: Weave it all together. Incorporate steps 2-4 into a seamless citation. Be sure to pay attention to the grammar rules discussed previously in the workbook.

Here is an example of one that is complete:

In her article “Warfare Is Only an Invention–Not a Biological Necessity,” Margaret Mead, the famous American cultural anthropologist, makes an assertion about warfare. She claims, “there are peoples even today who have no warfare” (417).

Step 7: Pretend you do not have to directly quote but instead paraphrase the text. How would you do that? (rewrite the text above in your own words).


Each Step 4-7 should be clear in your submission to receive full credit (a complete).


Subject: English

Answer preview………………………………..

apa 214 words

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