Typical Reasoning

> People often take shortcuts in problem solving and quickly arrive at
> answers. Known as heuristics, these shortcuts may increase the speed of
> decisions but may also decrease the accuracy of those decisions. The
> experiment used in this assignment deals with inaccurate decisions based on
> the conjunction fallacy, where people think the chance of two events
> happening at the same time is greater than just one event occurring.
> However, the chance of one event occurring is greater than two events
> occurring; hence, the fallacy.
> Access the CogLab demonstration Typical Reasoning. Follow the instructions
> to complete the demonstration. Next, answer the following questions:
>    – For this demonstration, on average, do participants give higher
>    ratings for single events or conjunctions of events? Based on the
>    demonstration results, did you make your judgments by using objective
>    probabilities? Why or why not?
>    – What is a stereotype? How do stereotypes relate to the findings of
>    this demonstration?
>    – Respond to the following two situations:
>       – You and two of your coworkers have just interviewed a candidate for
>       a job opening at your law firm. Your boss asks you what
> inferences you made
>       about the candidate during the interview. What can you do to
> maximize your
>       likelihood of making a correct inference?
>       – John is a young, energetic, muscular, and outgoing individual.
>       Estimate the following for him:
>          – He is tall and likes sports
>             – He is tall, likes sports, and has lots of friends
> Write your initial response in 4-5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to
> citation of sources.

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