> People often take shortcuts in problem solving and quickly arrive at
> answers. Known as heuristics, these shortcuts may increase the speed of
> decisions but may also decrease the accuracy of those decisions. The
> experiment used in this assignment deals with inaccurate decisions based on
> the conjunction fallacy, where people think the chance of two events
> happening at the same time is greater than just one event occurring.
> However, the chance of one event occurring is greater than two events
> occurring; hence, the fallacy.
> Access the CogLab demonstration Typical Reasoning. Follow the instructions
> to complete the demonstration. Next, answer the following questions:
> – For this demonstration, on average, do participants give higher
> ratings for single events or conjunctions of events? Based on the
> demonstration results, did you make your judgments by using objective
> probabilities? Why or why not?
> – What is a stereotype? How do stereotypes relate to the findings of
> this demonstration?
> – Respond to the following two situations:
> – You and two of your coworkers have just interviewed a candidate for
> a job opening at your law firm. Your boss asks you what
> inferences you made
> about the candidate during the interview. What can you do to
> maximize your
> likelihood of making a correct inference?
> – John is a young, energetic, muscular, and outgoing individual.
> Estimate the following for him:
> – He is tall and likes sports
> – He is tall, likes sports, and has lots of friends
> Write your initial response in 4-5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to
> citation of sources.