Validates post with additional evidence from the literature and attribution


In need of a 125 response/discussion to EACH of the following forum posts. There are (2) different Forum posts. Agreement/disagreement/and/or continuing the discussion. The two interactive posts should each be substantial, relevant, and engaging. Replies to classmates should include direct questions. In-text citations and references may be in APA format. Original forums discussion/topic post is as follows: (Use/Cite references to support your ideas)

Week 4: Creating Plans

I have attached the Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG 101). Chapter 4 & Appendix C were used for this week.

As well as the Model Town EOP.

Responses to Discussion Posts of Other Participants

Student replied to two other students’ initial posts and included at least two of the following areas:

  1. Validates post with additional evidence from the literature and attribution is given to the author or creator of the work.
    2. Poses a thoughtful question.
    3. Provides an alternative point-of-view.
    4. Offers additional insight into how the concept might be understood.

Student advanced the weekly conversation by replying back to everyone that replied to their initial post.

Responses met the minimum word count and contained no spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors.

Responses were on time.

Forum 1

Good evening class and professor.

After reading this week’s lesson and using it to expand on our past lessons, I believe that the most important part of the process is planning. While this seems obvious it is my eyes the most important part. We plan in our day to day lives whether we recognize that we do it or not. What do I need to do today? What errands need to get done? We make a plan of attack to accomplish the goal in the most effect way possible. This also extends to emergency planning. Being prepared for a situation and having a plan of action makes thing easier.

Clear defined goals and risk allow for rapid deployment of emergency personnel to areas of need to preserve life as quickly as possible. The planning process extends farther than just “If X occurs we do Y”. Each community has different needs that need to be accounted for, as outlined by FEMA “Planning must be community-based, representing the whole population and its needs.” (FEMA, 2010). Having community stakeholders being a part of the planning process allows for a tailored approach to emergency response. The tailored approach should be developed, reevaluated and maintained to allow for the dynamic changes in a community.

It is important to understand that each community has different needs. What is appropriate for my area may not be appropriate for yours. The planning process is the most vital step in emergency management as it forms the foundation for emergency response, mitigation and recovery. If you have a good plan, you have a platform to work off of and all of the other pieces fall into place.


FEMA. (2010, November). Developing and Maintaining Emergency Operations Plans.

Forum 2

Greetings Class and Professor

I hope all is well with everyone. Throughout the coursework so far, we have learned many components necessary for successful emergency planning. So far, the most important aspect of what I have learned so far is that of Risk Perception and Communication.

As defined in chapter four, “Risk can be defined broadly as a condition in which there is a possibility that persons or property could experience advance consequences.” (Fundamentals of Emergency Planning Ch.4). It is important to develop an Emergency Plan amongst these risks to ensure proper preparedness, equipment, and comprehension of the plan at hand. Risk communication is crucial amongst this as well, as it promotes protective behavior to assist in disaster response. We use risk communication daily in my career field, and within our weekly trainings to ensure everyone is aware of the plan in place. Without communication of this sort, plans would crumble and securing perimeters and safely evacuating people would turn into chaos.

I find these to be critical aspects of Emergency planning, and that is not to downplay the other factors of emergency management. I look at risk perception and communication as the foundation of a house. You can erect the walls of a house and place a roof atop, but without foundation, it will crumble and fail. We saw this example with Smith Hill a few weeks back, of how there was lack of communication and lack or risk perception, which led to a failed Emergency Plan.

Once determining a risk, communication is then relayed to those at risk and those who believe they are at risk. This allows for successful evacuation plans with proper mitigation and response. Reflecting back on chapter 2 and 3 as well, communication of risk and perception is needed within a Command to maintain partnerships between agencies. Team Coordination is a successful outcome of Risk Perception and Communication in Emergency Planning, as it allows for each person to know their role, to understand the risk dealt, and operating and assisting in a manner that works with all annexes as well.

Risk Communication allows for Stakeholders to communicate with their community of the Hazards that may affect that community. This aspect must be upheld by the communities as it may be conveyed across the four major emergency functions as well. The classical persuasion model allows for risk communication to stay relevant amongst the community, as it allows for broadcasting on the Emergency Plan, even relaying information to the community via print, media channels, online, and by phone.

This is why I feel risk perception and risk communication are the most important components to an emergency plan that we have covered so far. It encompasses so much information, and by properly communicating to stakeholders, communities and the Local Emergency Management Committee, it allows for the plan to stay up to date with roles assigned and recognized by members as well as local government support.

Source Cited:

Risk Perception and Communication. N.d. Chapter 4 of Fundamentals of Emergency Management. Web.


Answer preview………………………..

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