Before you begin work on your action research study, read this “Thinking It Through” scenario.

Visualizing Actions Research

Directions:
1) Review the Module 1 Analysis PDF.
2) Create a Word or text document for your response. Use 12-point Arial or Times New Roman font. Follow APA
(6th edition) format.
3) Create a title page and references page in APA (6th edition) format for your research paper.
4) Follow the directions to complete Part 1 and Part 2 of the assignment.
5) Before you submit your document, save a copy. You will refer to this document in Module 2’s assignment.
6) Follow the directions to submit your final Word or text document.
Part 1: Thinking It Through Paper
1. Before you begin work on your action research study, read this “Thinking It Through” scenario. The goal of the
scenario is to help you better understand the process of action research; determine an issue, problem, or concern

of interest to you, and draft a potential question or questions (no more than three) for your action research
project.
Thinking It Through Scenario
I am a teacher in a classroom for 3-year-olds, and I have been concerned that fewer girls than boys select the
computer center during free choice time. This question keeps gnawing at me: Why do fewer girls than boys
choose to participate in the computer center?
To answer the question, I decide to engage in individual action research that has a descriptive purpose. At this
point, I am not concerned with promoting girls’ participation in the center or finding interventions to increase girls’
activity. I just want to describe the situation…to answer my “why” question. From participation, I confirm that
three times as many boys as girls select this center by examining how many times this center is selected on the
childrens’ free choice charts, so I know my idea has data support.
After collecting background information from the literature, I map out a data collection plan to answer the
research question about my observations. I decide to collect qualitative data from three sources: A survey of girls
who are in my classroom, a structure observation of the type of activities available on the computers, and an
interview with other teachers of 3-year-olds in my area. From the survey tool, I gain children’s opinions about why
some girls choose to play in this center and others don’t. From the observations, I study the types of games and
activities offered as well as the themes and learning focus found in the activities. From the interview with the
other teachers, I gather their observations about their female students and their interest in the computer center.
After collecting the data, I use the technique recommended for organizing qualitative data: I focus on the words or
phrases expressed during the research collection process to look for patterns and themes. (NOTE: If I had used a
quantitative, or numeric, source, I would have displayed my data in a table or graph.) From the organized data,
several patterns or themes emerge. Girls say they don’t select the computer center because they see it as “a boys’
activity,” that the games available do not have themes which would attract their attention.
After summarizing the patterns and themes, I compose a one-page summary of my research. At this point, I am
not ready to share my findings with a large group. I just want to meet with a few colleagues to get their ideas,
input, and suggestions for future direction. My colleagues like what I have done so far and suggest that I next
pursue the question: How can I modify the activities in the computer center to appeal to girls?” A couple of
colleagues volunteer to help me with the next phase of my research…Looks like my individual efforts will become
collaborative.
2. Thinking It Through Paper: Compose a “Thinking It Through” scenario of 1 to 2 pages for your specific situation.
Visualize the problem and how the action research will unfold.
Part 2: Literature Search: Annotated Bibliography
1. In preparation for your action research study, search the Ebsco database for peer-reviewed articles related to
the issue, problem, or concern you will address. Locate at least 3 peer-reviewed articles that help you better
define your study. When you search, be sure to place a check on the box for “peer reviewed,” so you are sure to
use only peer-
reviewed studies. Articles reporting on one or more empirical studies will likely be the most useful, but there are
theoretical articles describing
programs, interventions, and methodologies to help you decide on the
appropriate action to take or propose.
2. Develop an annotated bibliography to provide examples of the sources available. You may or may not use
these sources in your Module 2 literature review. An annotated bibliography, a preliminary step to a research
study, includes a summary and evaluation of each of the sources. For each annotation entry, use the following
criteria:

Organization: List each source in APA (6th edition) format alphabetized by the author’s last name
Length: One paragraph of 100-150 words
Person: Third
Language and vocabulary: Ideas and language of the author; quotation marks for direct quotations
Format: One paragraph of complete sentences
Elements:
o Qualifications of author if available (Based on a 10-year study…, Smith suggests…)
o Purpose/Scope
o Audience (Smith addresses organizational leaders interested in employee motivation.)
o Findings/Results/Conclusions

 

 

Answer Preview………………

As an ESL teacher, I have been concerned that many ESL students struggle with speaking English while their writing skills are okay. This problem has been disturbing me for a while now because while I have wanted to build the student’s knowledge of English, it occurred to me that my students have become passive users of English instead of active users. During one instance, I noticed that after studying an English paragraph for a while, students were able to read and memorize it, but they could not actively use the words in the paragraph in a sentence. I keep asking myself, “What strategies can I use to improve student’s speaking abilities in an English class?”………………

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