- What is the difference between expressions given and expressions given-off?
- What is the difference between expressions and impressions?
- What is the difference between the observer and the unobserved observer?
- Is the interaction between the social actor and audience symmetrical or asymmetrical (meaning, who has the upper hand, more control over the exchange)?
- How many of you believe that you have a deep core, a stable sense of self where you can often say “This is me?” How many of you believe that you have no self?
You should write at least one page to answer these questions:
Reading 4 – Goffman. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
This is a classical reading by one of the most well-known symbolic interactionists, Erving Goffman. In this short but dense excerpt, the author discusses how people manage everyday behaviors. According to Goffman, individuals are like actors in a stage. He thinks social reality is composed of social actors and audiences (other actors). In this interaction, there is a constant exchange of information and attempts to gain an upper hand so that we can present ourselves in a more positive light. Let’s focus on some aspects of the interaction “Goffman style.”
and u need reply at least one page for my classmate’s post:
What is the difference between expressions given and expressions given-off?
There are two types of communication, expressions given and expressions given-off. Expressions given are the expressions we intend for others to notice. Expressions given-off have to deal with non-verbal, presumably unintended kin, whether it is purposely engineered or not.
A good example showcasing both expressions given and expressions given-off is a hostage situation where a woman is being held against her will, and an officer comes to check on a disturbance. The woman is threatened by her capturer to say everything is okay to the officer or he would kill her. The expression she gives the officer is that everything is okay and she is fine. However, through expressions given-off like eye contact and facial expressions, she alerts the officer that everything is actually not okay like she said.
What is the difference between expressions and impressions?
We create impressions through “sign vehicles” which include our language as well as body language. We create impressions by our expressions. Our impressions are ideas, feelings or opinions formed about someone or something with little to no evidence or knowledge about the topic or person. It is formed without conscious thought most times. We look at what people’s appearances (clothing, age, size etc.), facial expressions, bodily gestures and speech patterns communicates with others.
What is the difference between the observer and the unobserved observer?
In the text, there is an example used of a man telling a woman that he enjoyed the food she made. To see if this is true, she would take note of the rapidity with which the man lifted his fork to his mouth, the eagerness he ate with, and the gusto expressed when eating the food. She would use these observational signs to see if the man really enjoyed the food like he said he did. On the other hand, the unobserved observer watches a person who does not think they are being watched to to see their reaction to their companions and figure out their true feelings. This could be seen in the example given with the woman finding out how A felt about B by looking at A’s facial expressions and reactions to B in a conversational setting with C.
Is the interaction between the social actor and audience symmetrical or asymmetrical (meaning, who has the upper hand, more control over the exchange)?
The audience are likely to be unsuspicious of the presumably unguided aspect of the individual’s conduct, so the social actor can gain much by controlling it. Some of the audience may sense that the social actor is manipulating the presumably spontaneous aspects of his behavior, and seek in this very act of manipulation some shading of conduct that the individual has not managed to control. This again provides a check upon the individual’s behavior, this time his presumably uncalculated behavior, thus re-establishing the asymmetry of the communication process. Goffman suggests that the arts of piercing an individual’s effort at calculated unintentionality seem better developed than our capacity to manipulate our own behavior, so that regardless of how many steps have occurred in the information game, the witness is likely to have the advantage over the actor, and the initial asymmetry of the communication process is likely to be retained.
How many of you believe that you have a deep core, a stable sense of self where you can often say “This is me?” How many of you believe that you have no self?
I definitely have a better sense of self than I did in high school. I’ve recognized things about myself and grown in so many ways. I think it is because college does something to you. Being on your own and having to figure things out by yourself helps you grow and learn more things about yourself.
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